What Happens If The Corpus Callosum Does Not Develop Correctly?

Can the corpus callosum be repaired?

When the corpus callosum does not develop in a child (agenesis) or develops abnormally (dysgenesis), it cannot be repaired or replaced – but doctors are researching ways to improve the lives of those affected by the disorders..

Can you live without the corpus callosum?

While not essential for survival, a missing or damaged corpus callosum can cause a range of developmental problems. It’s thought that one in 3,000 people have agenesis of the corpus callosum—a congenital disorder that sees a complete or partial absence of the conduit.

Why is corpus callosum important?

The corpus callosum is a large white matter tract that connects the two hemispheres of the brain. It is an incredibly important structural and functional part of the brain. It allows us to perceive depth and enables the two sides of our brain to communicate.

What causes absence of corpus callosum?

In most cases, the cause of ACC is unknown. However, agenesis of corpus callosum can be inherited as an autosomal recessive trait or an X-linked dominant trait. This disorder may also be due in part to an infection during pregnancy (intrauterine) leading to abnormal development of the fetal brain.

How does the corpus callosum work?

The two hemispheres in your brain are connected by a thick bundle of nerve fibres called the corpus callosum that ensures both sides of the brain can communicate and send signals to each other.

How does agenesis of the corpus callosum affect learning?

Individuals with a disorder of the corpus callosum typically have delays in attaining developmental milestones such as walking, talking, or reading; challenges with social interactions; clumsiness and poor motor coordination, particularly on skills that require coordination of left and right hands and feet (such as …

How does the corpus callosum affect behavior?

Impaired social functioning is a well-known outcome of individuals with agenesis of the corpus callosum. Social deficits in nonliteral language comprehension, humor, social reasoning, and recognition of facial expression have all been documented in adults with agenesis of the corpus callosum.

What does the corpus callosum affect?

The corpus callosum is a band of nerve fibers located deep in the brain that connects the two halves (hemispheres) of the brain. It helps the hemispheres share information, but it also contributes to the spread of seizure impulses from one side of the brain to the other.

Can corpus callosum be cured?

There is no direct treatment for agenesis of the corpus callosum. Symptoms will be identified and potentially treated, as they occur. Treatment is available for many of the medical conditions associated with agenesis of the corpus callosum, such as seizures.

How can I improve my corpus callosum?

Experts say using your non-dominant hand helps your brain to better integrate its two hemispheres. Research shows that musicians who use both hands have about a 9 percent increase in the size of their corpus callosum (the part of the brain that connects the two hemispheres).

What happens if the corpus callosum does not develop properly?

It can potentially cause difficulties with swallowing and feeding. Poor coordination is also common in children with this condition. A child may also experience some language and speech delays in expressive communication. Although cognitive impairment can occur, many people with ACC have normal intelligence.