Quick Answer: Which Produces Urea As The Excretory Substance In The Human Body?

Where is urine stored?

Your kidneys, located toward the back in your upper abdomen, produce urine by filtering waste and fluid from your blood.

That urine then travels through your ureters to your bladder, where the urine is stored until you can eliminate it at an appropriate time..

Which organ is responsible for eliminating urea from the body?

The kidneys remove urea from the blood through tiny filtering units called nephrons. Each nephron consists of a ball formed of small blood capillaries, called a glomerulus, and a small tube called a renal tubule.

What are the three excretory organs?

Excretory Organs. Organs of excretion include the skin, liver, large intestine, lungs, and kidneys (see the figure below). Together, these organs make up the excretory system. They all excrete wastes, but they don’t work together in the same way that organs do in most other body systems.

What happens if waste products are not removed from the body?

Your body also needs to remove the wastes that build up from cell activity and from digestion. If these wastes are not removed, your cells can stop working, and you can get very sick. The organs of your excretory system help to release wastes from the body.

Where is ammonia converted into urea?

Organisms that cannot easily and safely remove nitrogen as ammonia convert it to a less toxic substance, such as urea, via the urea cycle, which occurs mainly in the liver. Urea produced by the liver is then released into the bloodstream, where it travels to the kidneys and is ultimately excreted in urine.

What are the main excretory products formed in the human body?

These chemical reactions produce waste products such as carbon dioxide, water, salts, urea and uric acid. Accumulation of these wastes beyond a level inside the body is harmful to the body. The excretory organs remove these wastes. This process of removal of metabolic waste from the body is known as excretion.

Is urea an excretory product?

Urea, a nitrogenous waste material, is the end product excreted in urine when ammonia is metabolized by animals, such as mammals.

What happens if waste builds up in your body?

When nitrogen waste products, such as creatinine and urea, build up in the body, the condition is called azotemia. These waste products act as poisons when they build up. They damage tissues and reduce the ability of the organs to function.

Which is more toxic ammonia or urea?

Urea is a less toxic compound than ammonia; two nitrogen atoms are eliminated through it and less water is needed for its excretion. It requires 0.05 L of water to excrete 1 g of nitrogen, approximately only 10% of that required in ammonotelic organisms.

Why is human excretion necessary?

Excretion is the removal from the body of waste products which result from normal life processes. Waste products such as carbon dioxide must be removed. If they are allowed to accumulate they cause poisoning which slows down vital chemical reactions.

What removes waste from the body?

The excretory system removes metabolic wastes from the body. The major organs of excretion are the kidneys, a pair of bean-shaped organs located below the liver. The kidneys filter blood and regulate water balance in the body.

How is excess water removed from the body?

The body loses water primarily by excreting it in urine from the kidneys. Depending on the body’s needs, the kidneys may excrete less than a pint or up to several gallons (about half a liter to over 10 liters) of urine a day.

Where does urea produce?

liverUrea production occurs in the liver and is regulated by N-acetylglutamate. Urea is then dissolved into the blood (in the reference range of 2.5 to 6.7 mmol/liter) and further transported and excreted by the kidney as a component of urine.

Why plants do not have excretory organs?

Plants do not have complex excretory organs because of the following reasons: The gaseous wastes are lost by diffusion through the stomata. … Plants have a low rate of metabolism; hence the waste products are produced at a low rate. Some wastes are stored in a non-toxic form e.g. resins in barks of some trees.