Question: What Does Echogenic Focus Mean?

Is echogenic focus common?

If there is more than one bright spot, they are called echogenic foci.

This common ultrasound finding is seen in about 1 out of every 20 or 30 pregnancies (~3-5%).

An echogenic intracardiac focus (EIF) does not affect health of the baby or how the baby’s heart works..

What are signs of Down syndrome during pregnancy?

Though the likelihood of carrying a baby with Down syndrome can be estimated by screening during pregnancy, you won’t experience any symptoms of carrying a child with Down syndrome. At birth, babies with Down syndrome usually have certain characteristic signs, including: flat facial features. small head and ears.

Is echogenic liver normal?

A normal liver is minimally hyperechogenic or isoechogenic compared with the normal renal cortex1 (Figure 1A and B). The most common cause of hyperechogenic liver (increased liver echogenicity compared with the renal cortex) in routine practice is steatosis, otherwise known as “fatty liver”.

Does echogenic focus mean Down syndrome?

Conclusion: Fetuses with an echogenic intracardiac focus have a significantly increased risk of Down syndrome. Although most fetuses with this finding are normal, patients carrying fetuses with an echogenic intracardiac focus should be counseled about the increased risk of trisomy 21.

Will echogenic focus go away?

Most EIF seen in the middle of the pregnancy will not go away before delivery. Since they do not cause problems for the baby, additional ultrasounds to follow-up on the EIF are not needed.

Is echogenic intracardiac focus Normal?

An echogenic intracardiac focus (EIF) is a relatively common finding, even in otherwise normal fetuses. It is not a structural abnormality, but rather represents calcified deposits in the fetal heart that appear as bright spots on prenatal ultrasound.

What is a soft marker for Down syndrome?

Literature Review and suggested protocol for managing ultrasound soft markers for Down syndrome: Thickened nuchal fold, echogenic bowel, shortened femur, shortened humerus, pyelectasis and absent or hypoplastic nasal bone.

What causes echogenic focus heart?

The cause of an echogenic intracardiac focus is unknown. It is possible that calcium deposits in the muscle wall of the ventricles may cause these spots. Calcium is a natural mineral found in the body. Areas of the body that have more calcium, such as bones, show up brighter on an ultrasound.

Is echogenic foci dangerous?

An echogenic focus poses no health risk to the fetus, and when it is born, there are no risks to the baby’s health or cardiac functioning. It is considered a variation of normal heart anatomy and is not associated with any short or long-term health problems.

What is meaning of echogenic?

Echogenicity (misspelled sometimes as echogenecity) or echogeneity is the ability to bounce an echo, e.g. return the signal in ultrasound examinations. In other words, echogenicity is higher when the surface bouncing the sound echo reflects increased sound waves.

What is echogenic foci in liver?

A hyperechoic liver lesion on ultrasound can arise from a number of entities, both benign and malignant. A benign hepatic hemangioma is the most common entity encountered, but in patients with atypical findings or risk for malignancy, other entities must be considered.

Can Down syndrome be seen on an ultrasound?

An ultrasound can detect fluid at the back of a fetus’s neck, which sometimes indicates Down syndrome. The ultrasound test is called measurement of nuchal translucency. During the first trimester, this combined method results in more effective or comparable detection rates than methods used during the second trimester.

Is EIF a marker for Down syndrome?

An echogenic intracardial focus (EIF) is an ultrasound „soft marker“ for aneuploidy, most commonly for Down syndrome and trisomy 18. An EIFs are found in about 5% of all fetuses during second trimester sonography.

What is echogenic mass?

An echogenic mass was defined as a well‐circumscribed mass, often with a lobulated appearance and calcifications, without any fluid components.

What is echogenic material in uterus?

• A thin endometrial lining with echogenic material within the endometrial cavity that is separate from uterine wall (suggestive of blood clots) • Echogenic material or a mass within the uterine cavity that is continuous with the uterine wall (indicates retained placenta)

Should I worry about echogenic focus?

But echogenic intracardiac focus (EIF) is almost never something to worry about. It shows up as a bright spot on the heart in imaging, and it’s thought to be a microcalcification on the heart muscle. EIF occurs in as many as 5 percent of all pregnancies.

What causes echogenic focus left ventricle?

Echogenic foci within the left ventricle of the fetal heart represent papillary muscle mineralization. Until more data are available to investigate any possible association with aneuploidy, an echogenic focus in the left ventricle should still be considered a normal variant.

What is the meaning of echogenic foci in kidney?

Kidneys are considered echogenic if the reflectivity of the renal parenchyma is greater than the reflectivity of the liver. Once diagnosed, other sonographic features of aneuploidy, renal anomalies, and CMC infection should be sought.