Question: What Are 5 Infectious Diseases?

What is the most deadliest animal in the world?

ListSource: CNETAnimalHumans killed per year1Mosquitoes1,000,0002Humans (homicides only)475,0003Snakes50,0007 more rows.

What are the 4 types of infectious diseases?

A variety of microorganisms can cause disease. Pathogenic organisms are of five main types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms.

What diseases Cannot be cured?

Some of the common medical conditions of people requiring care at the end of life include:cancer.dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease.advanced lung, heart, kidney and liver disease.stroke and other neurological diseases, including motor neurone disease and multiple sclerosis.Huntington’s disease.muscular dystrophy.More items…•

What race has the most genetic disorders?

More than 133 million American (45% of the population)have one or more chronic diseases. Racial/ethnic minorities are 1.5 to 2.0 times more likely than whites to have most of the major chronic diseases.

What is a simple disease?

A disease or medical condition is an unhealthy state where something bad happens to the body or mind. Diseases can cause pain, parts of the body to stop working the right way, or death.

What is the deadliest disease?

Summary. In 2018, the five deadliest illnesses in the U.S. were heart disease, cancer, lung disease, cerebrovascular disease, and Alzheimer’s disease. The other leading causes of death due to disease were diabetes, influenza and pneumonia, and kidney disease.

What are the 7 diseases?

In the following pages, we present seven infections from the past that still plague us today.Pneumonic/Bubonic Plague. … Spanish and Swine Flu — H1N1. … Polio. … Chagas Disease. … Leprosy. … Hookworm. … Tuberculosis.

What is the most common illness?

Common IllnessesChest Cold (Acute Bronchitis) Cough, mucus.Common Cold. Sneezing, runny or stuffy nose, sore throat, cough.Ear Infection. Ear pain, fever.Flu (Influenza) Fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, body aches.Sinus Infection (Sinusitis) … Skin Infections. … Sore Throat. … Urinary Tract Infection.

What are the examples of infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases are diseases caused by living organisms like viruses and bacteria. They can be passed from person to person through body secretions, insects or other means. Examples are SARS, influenza, the common cold, tuberculosis (TB), Hepatitis A and B.

What are the 5 most common infectious diseases?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B. According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population. … Malaria. … Hepatitis C. … Dengue. … Tuberculosis.

What are 5 non infectious diseases?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes….Chronic respiratory diseasechronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)asthma.occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.pulmonary hypertension.cystic fibrosis.

What are the 10 most common diseases?

Heart disease. Share on Pinterest Many of the top 10 causes of death are preventable through lifestyle changes and regular checkups. … Cancer. Deaths in 2017: 599,108. … Unintentional injuries. … Chronic lower respiratory disease. … Stroke and cerebrovascular diseases. … Alzheimer’s disease. … Diabetes. … Influenza and pneumonia.More items…•

What is the rarest disease on Earth?

RPI deficiency According to the Journal of Molecular Medicine, Ribose-5 phosphate isomerase deficiency, or RPI Deficinecy, is the rarest disease in the world with MRI and DNA analysis providing only one case in history.

What is a wasting disease in the Bible?

This plague was called “consumption” in both the King James and the Revised Standard Versions of the Bible. … The ancient Hebrew word used in these 2 passages is schachepheth, which meant a wasting disease; it remains in use in modern Hebrew as schachefet, the word for tuberculosis.

What are three infectious diseases?

Infectious diseases can be caused by:Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis.Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.Fungi. … Parasites.

What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

Alzheimer’s Disease.Cancer.Epilepsy.Osteoarthritis.Osteoporosis.Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke)Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)Coronary Artery Disease.More items…

What are the top 5 killer diseases?

Leading Causes of DeathHeart disease: 655,381.Cancer: 599,274.Accidents (unintentional injuries): 167,127.Chronic lower respiratory diseases: 159,486.Stroke (cerebrovascular diseases): 147,810.Alzheimer’s disease: 122,019.Diabetes: 84,946.Influenza and pneumonia: 59,120.More items…

What is the leading infectious disease?

Tuberculosis is now the leading infectious disease threat in the world, killing more people than HIV/AIDS, as reported today by the World Health Organization. This should erase any semblance of doubt that we need increased resources and new tools to address the global pandemic.

Is a virus a disease or infection?

Although viruses were originally discovered and characterized on the basis of the diseases they cause, most viruses that infect bacteria, plants, and animals (including humans) do not cause disease.

Which disease has no treatment?

Progeria – Progeria has no cure and a very small amount of treatments. However, there is a medicine in the making that is undergoing testing and trials that may lead to a cure. The disorder usually leads to death at a young age. Polio – While there is a vaccine to prevent polio, there is no cure for it.

What is a non infectious disease next Give 5 examples?

A non-communicable disease (NCD) is a disease that is not transmissible directly from one person to another. NCDs include Parkinson’s disease, autoimmune diseases, strokes, most heart diseases, most cancers, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease, cataracts, and others.