Question: Can The Flu Cause Encephalopathy?

What does an encephalitis headache feel like?

Encephalitis is a serious condition affecting the brain that requires prompt treatment to lower the risk of lasting complications or death.

Symptoms of encephalitis vary depending on the affected area of the brain, but often include headache, sensitivity to light, stiff neck, mental confusion and seizures..

What viruses affect the brain?

Encephalitis is most commonly due to viruses, such as herpes simplex, herpes zoster, cytomegalovirus, or West Nile virus. It can occur in the following ways: A virus directly infects the brain. A virus that caused an infection in the past becomes reactivated and directly damages the brain.

What does brain swelling feel like?

Symptoms of brain swelling include headache, dizziness, nausea, numbness or weakness, loss of coordination or balance, loss of the ability to see or speak, seizures, lethargy, memory loss, incontinence, or altered level of consciousness.

How do you get toxic encephalopathy?

Toxic encephalopathy is a neurologic disorder caused by exposure to neurotoxic organic solvents such as toluene, following exposure to heavy metals such as manganese, as a side effect of melarsoprol treatment for African trypanosomiasis, or exposure to extreme concentrations of any natural toxin such as cyanotoxins …

Can you have hallucinations with the flu?

Children or adolescents may present within the first 3 days of influenza with delirium characterized by visual hallucinations, inappropriate laughing or smiling, meaningless words, incoherent speech, and restlessness, and the MRI scan and EEG are often normal.

What causes encephalopathy?

The causes of encephalopathy are numerous and varied; they include infections, anoxia, metabolic problems, toxins, drugs, physiologic changes, trauma, and other causes. Encephalopathy is a general term that means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. The major symptom of encephalopathy is an altered mental state.

Can the flu affect your brain?

The infections also activated the brain’s immune cells in this region for an extended period and altered the expression of genes implicated in disorders including depression, autism and schizophrenia. These findings suggest that some strains of the flu may pose a threat to healthy brain function.

What is the survival rate of encephalitis?

Some forms of encephalitis are more severe than others. For example, herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) has a mortality rate of up to 30% even with specific anti-viral treatment, and 70-80% without the treatment. When death happens it is usually because of the brain swelling as a result of its severe inflammation.

What disease does the influenza virus cause?

What is Influenza (Flu)? Flu is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses that infect the nose, throat, and sometimes the lungs. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. The best way to prevent flu is by getting a flu vaccine each year.

What virus attacks the nervous system?

Viruses that infect the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) include herpesviruses (see also herpes simplex virus infections), arboviruses, coxsackieviruses, echoviruses, and enteroviruses.

Can the flu make you confused?

Influenza can very rarely lead to encephalitis with symptoms such as confusion, fever, and sometimes seizures or other neurologic problems. Viral versions usually get better without treatment, but the bacterial types do not and must be ruled out, so seeing a doctor is crucial.

How long does it take to recover from viral encephalitis?

Recovery. The inflammation of the brain can last from a few days to two or three months. After this, most people find that they make their best recovery from their symptoms within two or three months.

What are the stages of encephalopathy?

The five stages of hepatic encephalopathy, according to the West Haven Criteria, are:Stage 0. At this stage, symptoms are minimal.Stage 1. Symptoms are mild. … Stage 2. Symptoms are moderate. … Stage 3. Symptoms are severe. … Stage 4. This stage is characterized by coma.

Can you get encephalitis from the flu?

What Causes Encephalitis? Viral encephalitis may develop during or after infection with any of several viral illnesses including influenza, herpes simplex, measles, mumps, rubella, rabies, chickenpox, and arbovirus infection including West Nile virus.

Can the flu cause neurological problems?

Influenza can be associated with various neurologic problems: encephalopathy (a state of confusion), seizures, neuropathy, as well as others. These complications most frequently occur in children, although cases of neurologic illness associated with adult influenza certainly occur.

Can influenza cause brain swelling?

Encephalitis. Encephalitis is a rare condition occurs when a flu virus enters the brain tissue and causes inflammation of the brain. This can lead to destroyed nerve cells, bleeding in the brain, and brain damage.

Does encephalitis go away by itself?

In mild cases of encephalitis, the inflammation will likely resolve in a few days. For people who have severe cases it may require weeks or months for them to get better. It can sometimes cause permanent brain damage or even death.

Are there any long term effects of the flu?

What Are the Most Common Complications? They include viral or bacterial pneumonia, dehydration, and ear infections and sinus infections, especially in children. The flu can worsen long-term medical conditions, like congestive heart failure, asthma, or diabetes.

Does the flu make you angry?

Antiviral protein linked to depressed mood in mice The flu and other viral infections have long been known to cause mood changes, beyond the more familiar symptoms of fever and sore throat. A study in mice, published April 19, 2016 in Immunity, now reveals how the antiviral immune response alters brain activity.

How do you prevent the flu from turning into pneumonia?

Stay on top of flu season by getting a flu vaccination and you can also get the pneumococcal vaccine to cover the bases of attracting bacterial pneumonia. Other basic immune boosting habits can also help prevent respiratory infections. Maintain healthy sleep habits and constantly wash your hands.

Can you recover from encephalopathy?

Doctors can often treat encephalopathy, and many people make a full recovery. With treatment, impaired brain function may be reversed. However, certain types of encephalopathy are life-threatening. Infectious encephalopathy caused by prion disease is an example of this.